| || | submitted by digitalgoldcoin to golderc20 [link] [comments]
Last week we talked with our adviser and CEO at Nusantara Trust Dr Walter Tonetto. He answered a number of questions that interest our customers. How did you land in the cryptocurrency / blockchain space?
I was advising startup businesses in the technology space, and when 2016 came around, I asked Scotty, the feisty chief engineer of the U.S.S. Enterprise, to beam me into the heart of the finance system; I felt more and more the irresistible tug towards remodeling the current toxic financial system. Purposive remodeling, of course, is going on all the time, and it’s a knife that cuts into two directions. The vast majority of the ‘woke’ crowd actually believe that they can ‘disrupt’ the power of the elites that control all money flows. Bathing limestone statues – registering about 4 on the Mohs scale and 0 on the scale of reason -- of past leaders in district waters may give you a feeling of breathing the air of revolution and tiring unknown muscle-groups in your shanks, but think of it like a father watching his child toss around shovels of soil in a sandbox; he smiles benignly from afar, knowing it won’t change a thing; all the luxurious appointments at home won’t get touched. It is a grave illusion to suppose that by playing around with payment systems and technologies we will actually change the role and the emission of money. You may be permitted to become the shoe-shine boy in the royal household, but don’t think you will marry the princess and dilute the royal blood! But understanding the constitutive parts of power aggregation, and working over significant time-frames, allows for approaches and solutions; -- but these should come not from another adversarial position, thus merely marking a displacement of the incumbent, a change of guard, but from an authentic re-orientation, of making benefits much more widely possible and not creating monetary systems that are grossly imbalanced and highly destructive. That, and not building tech stacks, is the challenge! What was your initial reaction to bitcoin?
Well, I was following the file-sharing service Napster since it started, around 1999 – when the U.S.S. Enterprise was sitting pier-side at Huntington Ingalls Newport shipyard, rusted and gutted, and to me the P2P sharing paradigm was always present in my mind, shining buffed and radiant, so even the centralized Napster was something wholly natural to me – Dr Sheldrake calls it morphic resonance. We live with a great deal of blurriness, though. On the one hand, we think of the virtues of sharing; on the other, there is a seemingly indefatigable impulse to control and dominate. Sean Parker, after founding and floundering with Napster, became a cocaine-snorting egotist and president of Facebook. Collecting money for a charity, he gets aggressive with people who do not follow suit. A control-freak in overdrive. Notwithstanding the technical variations, BTC, seemingly freeing us up from fiscal controls and yet showing our craving for money, exemplifies the flawed perception at the root of things. Monero, which sounds like a much faster, highoctane vehicle, a CV8-Z of the crypto-track, beats BTC in regard to privacy and fungibility, though BTC has advantages in other areas. Which is a much more common trend nowadays?
It’s hard to make out the shapes of wild-life in the current kangaroo market we’re in. The bulls and bears have mauled one another, and the kangaroo, bereft of oxygen on account of wearing a tight mask, is hopping wildly everywhere. But clearly the possibilities of digital currencies became un-tethered via Bitcoin and the querulous and hidden Satoshi. I like to think of him more as an idea rather than as a person; an idea is generally more malleable and consequential. For instance, rather than laud the benefits of crypto for FX and cross-border payments, the possibilities of a central-bank issued digital currencyENCOMPASS THE POTENTIAL to inscribe new roles for programmable money; for how money is issued, how it is used, and what role custodial mechanisms (traditionally in the hand of commercial banks) might have. I see HUGE potential for private firms to enter the equation here, but we need more open-minded and intelligent regulators that do not always look for the rungs of the career-ladder in any move they make! A DAO could be most helpful here, but we are currently under the terror of algorithms that are not concerned with the welfare of the greatest number of people. If I had the time I would coauthor a book on this theme with a skilful mathematician (perhaps with my son, who is completing a Ph.D in near-term Quantum Algorithms).
In 2018 I was keynote speaker at the BlueWhale forum in Seoul, and I spoke about an Algorithm of Peace. I had a clutch of people approach me straight after the talk, some from Korea, others from the U.S., and ask me to develop my ideas in book form. Where do you see the price of bitcoin going over the next few years?
I wouldn’t speculate, but since everyone is shilling it, it is bound to keep pushing north, occasional blockages otwithstanding. I always look for twists and incongruities in the usual narratives on offer. Many BTC fans talk about the unbanked, but BTC is held by what will become another elite in due course, and the unbanked will later be serving them the chilled drinks between innings, as usual. Do you think that there’s a time for altcoins to break out and move away from the movements of bitcoin? What’s that tipping point that needs to take place?
I have some notions under which alt-coins can take the lead and leave bitcoin behind, but it’s too complex to explain the conditions for that to occur. Once very solid use-cases have been established with a clutch of alt-coins, bitcoin might begin quavering in his boots. That alt-coins should take BTC as a benchmark speaks volumes about the lack of maturity of this young and over-eager market. The fuzzy umbilical cord is always present like a foot-tangle; alt-coins must find their own ground, and clip the connection to a vagrant father. Finance needs clarity and not fuzziness. Keep in mind that many sovereign nations bridle at the calamitous influence of the US on payment systems, so nations are building their own messaging systems outside SWIFT, and their own securities exchanges are following. But remember: these are all crumbs: the U.S. can shut down payments to any recipient accounts by informing the payments company and doling out threats. And since all alt-coins and fiat currencies are connected to payment gateways in some form, the U.S. would have to begin reforming its archaic ACH structure to enable efficiencies in the financial pipes, which does not offer real-time payments functionality. This accounts for the relative simplicity (and success) of the PayPal business model (which Venmo and Dwolla later emulated without using credit cards). But understand that the elites will always protect the real crown jewels, and incite wars (or street battles and racial squabbles, as we’re witnessing in the U.S. in mid 2020) so that they can get away with major financial heists in broad daylight. It’s all smoke and mirrors, and scorched talons if you look closely: you cannot trust the reflection you will receive on a smoky pane. Only the big players know the predetermined outcome.
One fundamental misprision occurs amongst alt-coin apologetes: they fail to understand how markets move and what the designated role of money is in markets. Even if you want to displace something, you first need to understand exactly what you’re dealing with, but that is rarely the case. Yes, banks are structurally and constitutionally part of the problem, but no government will dare cross swords with them: there is still too much aggregated power. Ripple and Stellar are two Blockchains that are working with, and not against, banks, and that likely makes them much better candidates for wide acceptance. What’s one must-read book you recommend to everyone?
That depends so very much on who’s sitting opposite me! I wouldn’t push what is not naturally aligned. But I would push a couple of films urgently, as essential viewing for everyone:
“Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe” (and a sequel), which profoundly shocked me, but confirmed my suspicions. Talking about books: one gets a good sense of the kind of books I would counsel people not to touch, unless an overweening impulse bade them otherwise. For instance Steve Pinker, a favourite author of Bill Gates. Pinker in Gates’ hands explains a lot about the character of the reader, the latter of whom I consider one of the most dangerous people on the planet at the moment. If we stay with Pinker for a moment, since he’s famous and fashionable (Harvard professor with a Medusa hairdo and an effete libertarian air, who in “Better Angels of Our Nature” has affirmed that man is not innately good), we note in his presentation in regard to his ineptly titled book “Enlightenment” that he falls prey to the very flaws he chastises, the classic Münchhausen trilemma (in Jakob Fries’ phrase). Picture Baron Münchhausen pulling himself out of quicksand by his own hair! That he is beholden to neoliberal befuddlement becomes clear when two of the opening images of his talk show Vladimir Putin with a rifle andDonald Trump speaking on a podium. The classic neoliberal Harvard think-tank shows reason to be failing and drowning in pious gestures to the cognoscenti and anointed. I like to look for effective counters for specious and shallow argument: for instance, Rupert Sheldrake’s “The Science Delusion” is a splendid book that bucks the Dawkins’, Pinkers and other materialists of this age. You see, if one listens to Pinker with the head alone, his pedestrian epistemology might not irk, and some ideas might appear plausible enough in a desultory encounter, but if you really want to know the meaning of things, and discover how it relates to the heart, you feel betrayed and given short shrift by him. Among the platitudes he gives out in carefully parsed syllables, the movement of his forehead and eyes betray the spirit behind the façade. Yet I always look, like Yeats, for those who “had changed their throats and had the throats of birds”!
What’s the rainbow trout of the year? Nut-like flavour, the eye still gleaming, with tender, flaky flesh? There are many books I could cite for different genres. The vast majority of modern writers, for all their accomplishments, lack genius, don’t really understand the art of writing, and so cannot hold my attention for long. For those who are open-minded and spiritual, “A Course in Miracles” cannot be bested, but don’t touch it unless you’re really willing to dive deep. There is no need to save the world, since it is nothing but projection; there is no world. You might experience the deepest sigh of relief, as if Atlas had cast off a burden after the Titanomachy. Paul Celan once remarked that “reality is not simply there, it must be sought for and won.” Snorkeling near the surface and blowing bubbles won’t cut it.
We are living in times of great manufactured unrest, which will only heighten in coming months and years, and so I would offer a guernsey to Seamus Heaney. I had met him many years ago, alas cursorily, at a symposium at Waseda University where I was working as a Gaikokujinkoshi, an Associate Professor, where another Nobel laureate, Kenzaburō Ōe and he were giving a reading. Heaney was inspired to write “The Grauballe Man” on the basis of the bog man that he had seen in a book of prehistoric times, but the troubles in Ulster were alive in him, too:
As if he had been poured in tar, he lies on a pillow of turf and seems to weep
the black river of himself. The grain of his wrists is like bog oak, the ball of his heel
like a basalt egg. His instep has shrunk cold as a swan’s foot or a wet swamp root.
Talking of Japan here, methinks, is an aculeate observation of Japan:
Cross the intersection at Shibuya Station in Tokyo on a forbidding wintry evening — touted as the world’s busiest cloverleaf — and you will feel this is Eliot’s London Bridge revisited, with quaggas (think half zebras) preserved in the tar of the five crossings; — flattened ebon bones dreaming the dreams of Pleistocene mammoths — as the mass of the dead mill past you, chasing some mirage, and often accompanied by a revenant that must have been disgorged from a Pachinko parlour. Blanched lilacs float in minarets of light beyond these bituminous quaggas, bidding the odd-toed ungulates in their psychotropic dernier cri and fuddy-duddies in theirstygian suits to sup here or buy over yonder: all tethered to their devices. One might be surprised that no cracks are forming at these arced crossings with strange requisitions folding into the hiemal air. And yet it is still more odd that so few people see this as a primped and pimped potter’s field, a graveyard for those who’ve lost their way. We’re living in an age where the multitude of the dead are pacing among us in perdurable trysts with other zombies.
The above text is from one of my unpublished works; again it speaks to me – and perhaps to you – about the quiddities of this age. There is a distinct sense of zombification taking place on the planet at the moment. Is your lineage that of Dolly, or are you magnificent and free? Do you have any theories about who Satoshi is?
I don’t really, though I follow the haughty chit-chat at times, especially in the jejune forums LinkedIN provides. I think the person has a good reason to remain concealed (forever), but that is also a major factor why I have never fully trusted bitcoin as an investment proposition.
Keeping the provenance concealed suggests a number of things, none of them conducive to embracing bitcoin as a common form of payment. What do you think about the prospects of gold in connection with the uncontrolled money printing by different Central Banks?
Gold is what BTC can never become, especially when its provenance remains totally unclear – as well as its likely endgame! Central Banks engage in quasi-criminal activity – and one hopes the future prudent regulator won’t be making it too difficult for people to hold gold bullion. The Perth Mint might be a splendid little dot on the global map, but beware of holding your assets in the form of gold coins: many governments will regard them as forms of payment, and may impose all manner of restrictions on the possession of it. Let's dream a little. How stablecoins can be used after 5 years from now?
I believe the great RESET is coming – even Davos and the U.N. are alerting us to that. The Covid19 panic has been declared by more than 1500 German physicians as a “global Mafia-style deception”, and while Big Pharma and Bill Gates will likely earn trillions of dollars by the useless and potentially dangerous vaccines that will be foisted on “free” citizens, the finance system as a whole will need to be RESET. We are already receiving an inkling of how draconian and void of reason and concern for the people most governments of the world are reacting to a harmless lab-manufactured virus (virologist Prof Luc Montagnier, Nobel Laureate in medicine in 2008, said that), so it’s possible that regulators may become more tyrannical, and under some pretext or other forbid the use of alt-coins. STABLECOINS can be over-collateralized, allowing absorption of pricing fluctuations, but it will be hard to call. I believe many are bound to fail, and that even earlier, despite all their most valiant efforts: as soon as the RESET comes, which is likely to come with all manner of encumbrances. There are many reasons for the issuance of stablecoins, some having opposing views, but all are dependent on trust – and we don’tknow yet if digital currencies that governments will issue will by regulatory over-reach (including absurd compliance requirements) displace other contenders, but you can assume that the tyrannical forms of governance we are currently experiencing suggest that all kinds of skullduggery are possible. Do you see the problem of fiat stablecoins in the fact that annual inflation constantly depreciates them? An investor who bought $1000 USDT now and sold these tokens in 10 years for $ 1000 will receive much less money.
The problem occurs if we’re converting things back into payment forms that are fundamentally flawed. Inflation and Black Swan events are the major threats to stablecoins, and tethered crypto-values to natively burdened propositions recalls my earlier idea that we have not yet cut the umbilical cord to bitcoin. On the other hand, stablecoins in their current flavour are perhaps best viewed as transitional schemata that will need later revisitation. You are a very successful Crypto and ICO Advisor, what is the secret behind this success?
I’m not sure if I’m very successful, but I always try to shoot a straight ball. Here are two instances where my input has not been heeded in any way.
I recall one of the first ICOs I advised. I was sitting with the owner on a Telegram Channel, and after some power Q&A sessions online, we were literally hearing the millions of dollars tumble in neat digital hashes into the inbox within a couple of hours of the ICO opening. He had a bottle of Scotch on his table, and by the end of the session he had reached his hard cap and was besotted to boot! The age of digital money had placed the foolscap on his pate, but the script was no longer legible. I cannot determine if his sobriety ever returned. The prudential advice I had been giving him previously – and that we had discussed in great depth -- was over coming weeks thrown out of the window, and I assume other bottles of Scotch ended up on his desk and didn’t last long.
Here is another example. At one time a well-known ambitious individual in the U.S. cryptospace, a young lawyer, asked me if I wanted to start a crypto compliance organisation with him.
When I think of him now and the feathery assistants he congregated around him, I think of the lines in Dickens’s “Bleak House”: “Mr. Tangle’s learned friends, each armed with a little summary of eighteen hundred sheets, bob up like eighteen hammers in a pianoforte, make eighteen bows, and drop into their eighteen places of obscurity.”
Simply to continue serving wine from the same sour vats won’t do. I saw that as a prospective idea, and offered some important advice to get the ball rolling. Soon we had recruited many eager beavers to the exercise, and there was talk of it becoming an influential body. I was naïve enough to assume at the time that my co-founder, a black college asketballer with body tattoos who had a write-up in a major paper on account of his ambition and aggression, was actually interested in asking some fundamental revisionary questions about compliance in relation to the freedom of the citizen. When I suggested we don’t just copy the traditional compliance template and rather probe more deeply, he became insolent and very aggressive. That confirmed my instinct that most ambitious players in the crypto-space are actually dyed-in-the-wool bourgeois, and don’t care about improving the system itself. What is your advice for upcoming Crypto startups and investors?
You might know the technology well, but do you know the business? Does it really deeply address, even solve, a problem? How much life experience do you have, and how well do you know the market? Can you create a market for your product or services? If yes, how will you do that? Have you only got yes-men around you, or are you willing to listen to those who speak Tacheles to you? If you’ve come to water the plant of your ego, your business will flounder. Most achievers keep their ego initially in check, and get the work done.
For investors the answer I would give is rather complex, but here’s a brief response: often the mandate of investors is very narrowly girded, and they trust their old boy networks, and rarely venture out and follow their instincts. That is foolish, and also the recipe for a dull life.
Perhaps a general observation that everybody might ponder with profit is the idea that we know really so very little of the world; that the news and information we are are offered and digest, even when it is tendered by so-called ‘experts’, is often seriously ignorant. It seems our perspective is getting narrower all the time, as if our mind is shrinking and we block out knowledge.
Let me give another current reference point. In 2020 everyone is fearful of viruses. Viruses currently have a bad rap! We have no idea what they actually are. We are always hobbling around with our fearful partisan gaze, and what is good today becomes bad tomorrow. Yet viruses are adroit and malleable messengers of inter-species DNA, in some sense regulating vast populations of organisms. Think of them as cellular simpletons: mere protein shells with few genes, but endowed with the ability to replicate easily despite their paucity of genetic instructions! They form alliances, you might say, with other forms of life. And they are deeply mysterious to our acquisitive and ignorant segmenting intelligence: how can the papillomavirus cause horns to grow on rabbits; and at the same time cause hundreds of thousands of cases of cervical cancer every year? Is one good and the other bad? It would seem so. Such simple summary, like Pinker’s reductionist view of the world, might becalm for a moment, but does not offer lasting satisfactions. To read the world along the axes of like and dislike, as the Buddha had warned us, leads to great suffering.
I’m told by someone who met Bill Gates a long time ago that the man was apparently even then obsessively fearful of viruses (imagine a pendant to Lady Macbeth, continually cleansing his hands). But do we have any clue what viruses actually are, and how they benefit us all in so many incalculable ways? When the child crawls around, it picks up antigens (bacteria and viruses) and on that basis builds its immune system. At various points of that contact and exchange new forms grow, and other forms decay and die. Like CO2, viruses are suddenly declared dangerous and that we need to shield ourselves against them. Yet how many people know that marine phages rule the world, and rule the sea? This was not discovered until 1986. An electron microscope showed that every litre of seawater contained up to one hundred billion viruses, almost as much in dollars as BillGates expects to make off vaccines in 2020. If you put these viruses end to end, they would stretch out forty-two million light-years! Viruses offer stunning genetic variety, and they are the very pulse of life! When viruses swallow oceanic microbes, they release a billion tons of carbon every day: imagine squalls of marine snowfalls, powdering the porous sand of the deep. Imagine the white nights of St Petersburg under water, celebrating the magic of life with the same skill and abandon as the Mariinsky Theatre, to an audience of gastropods, deep-water fish and lovelorn mermaids.
Seamus Heaney, when he passed in 2013, spoke the word Noli timere (“Do not fear”) to his wife as he breathed his last. Instead of being fearful, we might do well to assert that we understand nothing of the manifold wonders of this world! Let us cultivate the virtue of wonderment, and fear will find no habitation in our house:
And lonely as it is that loneliness Will be more lonely ere it will be less— A blanker whiteness of benighted snow With no expression, nothing to express.
They cannot scare me with their empty spaces Between stars—on stars where no human race is. I have it in me so much nearer home To scare myself with my own desert places.
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I've been perusing the sub lately, and I see people debating about how the price of Bitcoin is generated. People are getting into arguments saying that scarcity generates the price, and others saying that the inherent value of Bitcoin determines its price.
This is insane and it needs to be cleared up. If you'd like to learn more, beyond what I write here, check out the millions of free hours of lectures, videos, articles, and books available at Mises.org
What I write will be a rather crude representation of very detailed ideas that you can learn more about at Mises.org. 1) Nothing has inherent value.
Sorry, inherent value doesn't exist.
Humans flush shit down the toilet, while flies swim to it for a buffet (to further prove the point, research "nightsoil");
Drawing modern-day hentai-porn takes just about as much effort as the original painting of Mona Lisa, yet one sells for millions while the other is available for free online;
Up until as late as 150 years ago, one of the most valuable things to our economy today - oil - was seen as a horrific nuisance. Farmers would wake up one day and have black goo ruin their crops and they wouldn't be able to sell their farms because no one wanted it - their lives were ruined. Now, decade-long wars are fought for control over it;
Water is the most important substance on the planet for life, yet giant cities with millions of people are built in deserts and the stuff is handed out for free, and even pumped full of chlorine and used in fountains.
Nothing has inherent value. 2) All value is subjective.
All value is in the eye of the beholder.
This is a loaded statement and has a lot of information packed into it, so let's break it down into a few sub-sections 2.A.) Humans have goals
Humans have goals - they recognize that their lives could be better in the future than it is now, and they can contemplate a way to achieve that better life. 2.A.a) This means time exists and it moves forward
If our lives suck now, and we can imagine - and actually accomplish - a way to make it better, then time must exist. 2.A.b) This means that "things now" are more valuable than "things later"
No one wants to have a shitty life at any point of their life. Thus, ending suffering immediately - or pre-emptively avoiding suffering - is preferred to ending suffering later
(Psst: this is why "loans" and "interest rates" exist) 2.B) Not everyone's goals are the same
Many of our goals are the same, but not all of them. Some people desire to become gods of the universe, some just want to make cartoons for a living, and others would rather be non-stop strung out on drugs. 2.B.b) People can trade! (Provided private property exists)
If we all have different tastes, then I don't mind giving you a peanut butter sandwich in exchange for a turkey one. Children will begin trading after Trick-Or-Treat because Sally likes Twix, while Jimmy likes Kit-Kats.
Trading can only happen when the parties involved both agree to do so. It is, per se, always viewed as profitable before the trade happens. Barring fraud and horrible accidents, everyone always benefits from voluntary trade by definition.
This is why socialism ALWAYS fails. Sorry, kids: Socialism IS death. 2.B.b.a) Trading is difficult
If you have a chicken, and want pickles, you're a chicken-having-pickle-wanter. You'll need to find someone with pickles who wants chickens, a pickle-having-chicken-wanter. (Thanks to Walter Block for this fun phrase)
This is difficult and really stifles the development of an economy. How many farmers need A.I. technologies for Google Cloud Services? None, that's how many. Thus, A.I. can't be developed because the programmers would starve (or, at least, there would be a strong incentive to NOT be a programmer). 2.B.b.a.a) A common medium of exchange facilitates trade
Money makes trading easier! People have goals, and so do other people, but their goals might not correlate and so countless professions are unsustainable. People eventually see that they can obtain these other professions if they simply create a local medium of exchange (money). Everyone is better off with money. 2.B.c) People's goals and desires are revealed through action, not speech.
Liars exist. People might say they want to be the world's best Oncologist, but they spend all their time playing League of Legends. It sucks, but, the person reveals that, indeed, they want to vegetate in front of their computer. Bitcoin's Subjective Value comes from the fact that PEOPLE WITH THE GOAL OF HAVING STABLE MONEY OBSERVE THAT (a) money can be used to ease trade, (b) paper monies are completely controlled by sadistic megalomaniacs, (c) precious metals are too heavy and difficult to hide to travel around the globe easily, (d) and Bitcoin is a money that doesn't have these problems. Thus, the goal of having a stable, free, uncontrolled, worldwide money can be accomplished via Bitcoin. THIS is why Bitcoin has VALUE - people GIVE it value via its ability to help them achieve their goals. 3) Value alone doesn't generate prices - It takes two to tango
Prices are generated via a sort of auction system. If I have a tomato, I can go to a market and start yelling that I want to sell a tomato. The people in the market who view the tomato as a means to achieve their goals will then begin bidding on how much to pay for the tomato.
As they bid, the bidders one by one drop out as the price becomes too high for them. 4) Many products are fungible
When you buy 3 turkey sandwiches from the same store in the same order, they're largely the same. Even though the lettuce on each sandwich might have come from different heads of lettuce, the onion slices might have come from different onions, the tomato slices might have come from different tomatoes, the bottle of oil or mayo might have run out half way through the second sandwich and had to be replaced by another bottle, or the person making one sandwich might have been different from the person making the other sandwiches...
...they're still pretty much the same sandwiches.
They're fungible. 4.A) We use products for what we think are our most important goals first.
If you're on a small island alone, and you know you'll be saved in a week, and you have 20 gallons of water, you'll put aside 10 gallons (or so) for drinking, and use the rest for bathing, watering plants, or whatever else.
However, if a storm comes through and destroys 5 of the 10 gallons you set aside for drinking (so now you have 5 for drinking, and 10 for "other"), you don't have to worry about dehydration. You'll just reassign 5 of the "other" water gallons into "drinking" gallons. After all, they're all fungible, and 'watering plants' is a less important goal than 'drinking and living'.
(Thus, disasters are NOT good for the economy) 4.A.a) The more we have of something, the less each individual thing is worth to us
If you only really "need" 5 pencils for the year, and you "want" an emergency 10 pencils just in case... but you have 500 pencils, then you won't even bother to pick up a pencil if you drop it on the floor. Why bother? You'd have to go through 2 every day to actually be worried about running out.
Indeed, after the first 100 pencils, they're largely a nuisance. Thus, pencils #101 through #500 are pretty much worthless to you.
However, your neighbors might need some pencils, so you'd be willing to sell them. Even though the pencils are worthless to you, your neighbors are willing to bid up the price to buy them off you. This is why "Greater Supply leads to Lower Prices" -- If all 30 people in your neighborhood only need/want 20 pencils each, but you have 50,000,000 of them to sell, people don't need to bid very high to convince you to sell one
. Hell, you might just give them out for free. We've literally just used the phrase "people have goals and act to achieve them" to deduce the laws of Supply and Demand.
This is how the price of everything is determined: you have more of something than you feel you need, and you're willing to trade the left-over things for something else; AND someone else wants that thing, and is willing to trade FOR the left-over things with his something else.
*A price is NOTHING more than "What someone is willing to give you for whatever it is that you own". *
The amount of Bitcoin is the amount of Bitcoin, and people with goals will assign a value to it, and this value will run into other people's valuation of it, which will eventually, on an open, free market, generate a price of it.
- There's no "advanced market analysis class" that can predict what the price will be.
- Just because there are only 21 million BTC doesn't mean that each coin will be worth billions of dollars.
- Just because the miner-reward will drop by half does NOT MEAN that the price HAS to increase.
- Just because Bitcoin achieves a goal that people want doesn't mean that everyone will go bankrupt trying to acquire it.
Again, if you want to learn how REAL economics works, or just get your teeth whet, hop over to Mises.org where you can learn economics in EASY TO UNDERSTAND terms.
If it weren't for Ron Paul waking me up in 2007 and pointing me to Mises.org and Austrian Economics, I wouldn't have ever thought about Bitcoin as anything serious.
And remember kids: Socialism IS death.
| || | submitted by brooke_bloXroute to bloXrouteLabs [link] [comments]
AMA Recap: DBCrypto and 8BTC
by bloXroute Team (Original post here
This past month the bloXroute team participated in 2 AMA’s. Our Co-Founder Professor Emin Gün Sirer
synced up with our Chinese-speaking community on the 8BTC Forum
, and our Co-Founder and Chief Architect Professor Aleksandar Kuzmanovic
, Strategy & Operations Manager Eleni Steinman
, and Marketing Associate Brooke Walter
connected with blockchain enthusiasts on the DBCrypto Telegram
There were many great questions asked so we wanted to share our answers with the rest of our community on Medium. For some of the questions, we expanded upon our answers and edited for clarity and brevity.
The questions are organized into four sections: Tech, BLXR, General, and the Blockchain Ecosystem.
Tech Can someone explain the “magic gateways” a little more? Is this patented and closed source tech?
When will the source code be released?
- “Magic gateway” is a small piece of code that sits on a machine running a blockchain node with one side speaking the blockchain “language” with the node, and on the other side speaking bloXroute “language” with our Relays. It also shrinks blocks from the nodes to the Relays, propagates transactions etc. Yes this has been patented for a simple reason — the work was initially done at a University, hence we had to license (our own work) from the University. That’s how it works. While we patented the system, we are going to open source the Gateways.
From reading the whitepaper it seems as though on-boarding bloXroute can take a bottom up approach. I.e. it sounds like crypto miners can start using the bloXroute network right away, without needing to integrate software into the bloXroute servers or get any approval from the developers of the crypto project? Is this right?
- The source code for the Gateway software will become available from Day 1, i.e., as soon as we start testing with miners. The source code for the rest of the system, i.e., Relays, will become available soon after.
Will the blockchain be able to test bloXroute’s net neutrality? If yes, how? Will bloXroute’s net neutrality testing ability be on the developer or miner level?
- That’s right! Any miner can start using bloXroute on its own without any approval. We will provide open source code that miners download, we call magic gateways, that is run on the same machine they mine on. Miners send blocks to the gateway like they would any other peer node. And that’s it. Since bloXroute BN lets you hear about and send blocks faster, miners who use it are obviously at an advantage.
How can bloXroute be decentralized and trustless? Does it rely on servers? If we can’t find a better way to solve block propagation problems other than bloXroute, then obviously nodes (especially mining nodes）have to completely rely on bloXroute. If bloXroute has any problems, the whole network will be at risk.
- Certainly! Net neutrality is at the heart of bloXroute, and something I am personally passionate about. Net neutrality mechanisms (please see the WP for details) will be enabled from day one. Everyone, including miners and developers, will be able to test, in real time, bloXroute’s network and its behavior.
Also, I remember that ‘bloXroute will keep neutrality by encrypting blocks’, but what if somebody uses bloXroute to send spam? Will it be a problem?
- Excellent question that gets to the heart of bloXroute’s core contribution. bloXroute is a unique solution that is *centralized yet trustless*. It consists of a network of servers operated very efficiently by a centralized entity — this is how it achieves its high performance. At the same time, the technology is constructed such that these servers *cannot* misbehave. They cannot discriminate on the basis of transaction content, and they cannot selectively censor. So, the overall network is efficient because it’s centralized, like Akamai’s content distribution network, and it’s also trustless, like Bitcoin’s underlying network. Also, by open-sourcing our entire codebase (once the system reaches some maturity) we enable everyone to run a backup network to take over in case bloXroute is shut down by any means, preventing it from becoming a single-point-of-failure.
What is a sufficient number of servers?
- Indeed, we have implemented various measures to handle the spam issue. In particular, the bloXroute network keeps and propagates provenance information, allowing the system to limit the traffic a node sends based on their usage of the system. Keep in mind that all large networks, whether it’s Google’s, Facebook’s or Akamai’s, are under constant spam attacks. We use well-established techniques from that domain to ensure that spammers can be efficiently identified and limited.
Is it advantageous for miners to be in relative close proximity to a BloXroute server?
- Our V1 is going to have around 15 servers on 5 continents, roughly. Blockchain traffic currently isn’t particularly large. We hope to change that!
Could you elaborate on the servers a bit more? I heard Uri talking about utilizing trusted organisations to do this. I know my concern is that this may create some level of centralised power.
- Yes. But the difference is very small. A really dramatic difference will be between bloXroute-enabled vs. non-bloXroute enabled miners.
How quickly will idle backup networks be operational/online in the case of a main bloxroute network fatal failure? Does this backup network set-up require some work/adjustments on the client/nodes side?
- We are fully aware of this concern. This is why we are making sure to utilize a large number of independent providers. This is creating a lot of operational issues on our end (because different providers use different software environments) but this is a top priority for us.
Have you established an “ideal” number of independent providers to reduce such concerns? Or is this something still being established?
- The backup will be automatic, such that the effects of a possible failure on the mainnet is minimized. Given that the process will be automatic, no adjustments will be needed on the client side.
I assume having servers in different geographical regions is important. The EU for example could outlaw BloXroute servers. I assume it would be way too expensive for a regular person to setup a BloXroute server?
- There’s no magic number, the more the better!
If that was the case, will they be disadvantaged as the message will need to be relayed further?
- I am hopeful the EU would not do that! :) But the point is that even in absence of servers in a particular region, things can still work pretty well for users in that region.
From both a tech and adoption level, what are some of the biggest difficulties bloXroute faces?
- Necessarily so. But the system would still be operational, and would be able to operate at a fairly high TPS rate.
- Technical difficulties are present on a daily basis, but we are coping with them. As a technical person, I simply know we will resolve them all. I am also convinced that a number of blockchain communities will adopt our system. But if you ask what a bigger challenge is, I think adoption.
BLXR Does bloXroute have native tokens? If yes, when will the tokens be released? Is it an ERC20 token? Will it be listed on exchanges? What can the tokens do on your network?
Is it correct that you plan to go down the STO path or simply the security token path and the BLXR will be a security token?
- Yes, bloXroute will have BLXR tokens, which will be listed on exchanges. The BLXR tokens are security tokens that entitle the holder to a share of the revenues of the company. Of every future dollar that bloXroute makes, a proportion goes into a pot, and this pot is divided among the BLXR holders. Think of it as instant, auditable dividends in perpetuity. And BLXR tokens thus act like a fund, where the fund’s contents change over time to track whichever coins are using bloXroute more. If BCH miners use bloXroute, BLXR will have more BCH in it; if ETH adopts bloXroute, then it’ll swing towards ETH, etc. So the tokens can serve as a blanket bet on adoption and use of cryptocurrencies, kind of like how Akamai was a play on Internet content being in demand. I will leave it up to the company to announce its projected dates. I’m focusing mainly on the technology behind the scenes.
When do you plan to do the STO?
- Yes, BLXR is a security token. The good thing is that we’re clear about this from the very beginning. Hence we were able to cope with regulations on time.
That’s really great that you’ve been working with the SEC. Does that mean you plan to sell the BLXR token to American citizens?
- Our team of lawyers is working very closely with the SEC to take all of the required steps to ensure everything we do is in compliance with regulations. We hope to have all necessary approvals for an STO in Q3 / Q4 2019.
How does this work? What jurisdiction have you chosen to setup this token etc? Or is this all still being figured out?
- We hope that to do as wide of a sale as possible, so not just Americans.
Will accredited investors only be able to participate in the the BLXR token sale or is there a plan to try an include non-accredited investors as well?
- It has to do with the regulation you file under. Some regulations require that you only raise from accredited investors and others let you raise from anyone.
You have recently changed your BLXR security token from 50% revenue reserve model to 100% revenue direct dividend model. How direct will it be? In what time frame or frequency will BLXR token holders will receive their pro rata share of collected revenues to their wallets?
- The plan is to make it as wide of a sale as regulation allows. We (our lawyers) are working hard so it’s not just accredited investors.
How will bloXroute operations be covered in this new direct dividend model?
- 100% of the fees associated with the cryptocurrencies using bloXroute’s BDN become immediately available for withdrawal by BLXR token holders. Right now the plan is for a calculation to run once every 24-hours to update what we call an “Owner balance” — this is how much crypto is available for withdrawal for a given BLXR holder based on their pro-rata share. To withdraw one’s dividends, a BLXR holder must provide a wallet address in the same currency as the crypto they wish to withdraw. The owner balance will then instantly update to reflect this outflow.
With BLXR being an ERC-20 token, does Bloxroute plan to set up the benefits of the token (accumulation of relative % of fees for projects using the network) so that it can be accumulated by the owner whilst also possibly locking BLXR in a MarkerDao CDP?
- In the new model 100% of the revenues will go to token holders. bloXroute, as a token holder, can use the revenues it receives for its ownership portion to fund operations.
- Dividends will accumulate in a reserve account and be available for withdraw. Our current plan is for Owner Balances to be updated every 24 hours. BLXR holders can transfer their dividends to their wallets and use them as they wish. :)
General I understand that one of the benefits of bloxroute for the ecosystem is users will have a much lower fee to pay for their transactions. Will users be able to get this much-lower-fee benefit from bloxroute only through wallet(s) they use by choosing to pay a *tiny* fee to bloxroute instead of a *large* fee to miners or can they also get that benefit in some other way?
Typically, how many X tps improvement should we see for the various major blockchains that bloXroute will target?
- To start, users can use bloXroute immediately as the first 100 TPS are always free. Only after 100 TPS can a user choose to pay bloXroute a tiny fee to reduce her overall fee (albeit a user would only choose to pay bloXroute if this is true). All users benefit from bloXroute on day one as the first 100 TPS are always free. Users do not have to use wallets that partner with bloXroute to take advantage of the fee reduction service, but it’ll certainly be the most streamlined method. Any user that knows bloXroute’s public address can include in their transaction an additional output that pays bloXroute’s public address to reduce her overall fee.
In terms of technology, what is bloXroute’s core competitiveness? How many people are on your team?
- We are targeting approximately 3,000 TPS for Bitcoin and Ethereum.
How does bloXroute’s solution work on different blockchain networks?
- Our core competencies are as follows: (1) we have some of the world’s foremost experts on blockchain and network scaling, (2) we have innovated across all aspects of the emerging blockchain stack in the past and bring that experience to bear on the chain scaling problem, and (3) we are the first group to identify Layer-0 as a scalability bottleneck, the first to apply network neutrality techniques to blockchains, and thus the group with the most extensive track record on how to build efficient and trustless systems. The team is just over 20 employees, it is hard to keep track now because, in addition to our headquarters in Chicago, we also have a satellite office in Tel Aviv, Israel and two need employees start this week. We are currently building our platform. Though the core of the platform has been in operation for 2.5 years already on the BTC and BCH networks, we are extending it to other systems, e.g. ETH, and adding new features.
With bloXroute already forming a partnerships with mining companies, do you plan to establish more relationships with similar organisations? If so, given the obvious concerns about the environmental impact of traditional mining, does bloXroute aim to establish/support relationships with mining companies who utilise renewable and sustainable energy?
- bloXroute’s solution has been operating continuously for the last 2.5 years. In that time frame, it has been deployed on Bitcoin (BTC) and Bitcoin Cash (BCH). It has ferried every transaction and every block found in that time frame. To this, we recently added the ability to support Ethereum. And we recently announced a partnership with a large miner. In all of these cases, bloXroute provides an additional fast-path to existing coins for the delivery of financial data, just like Akamai added a fast path for the delivery of regular content on the Internet. It’s optional, opt-in, and completely voluntary. It’s just a faster way to deliver blocks and transactions. In return for ferrying this financial data, bloXroute collects transaction fees, and BLXR tokens receive these collected feeds.
When will you start v1 testing with miners? Will the v1 testing be predefined (for preselected miners/mining pools) or it will be possible to join the testing on the go? How can a miner apply for the testing?
- We hope to establish relationships with all miners :) In regards to environmental concerns, our BDN actually helps miners more efficiently utilize their power consumption. Since miners hear about blocks sooner, they can immediately start mining the next block, and thus more efficiently utilizing their resources.
Will the v1 testing be with one or with multiple blockchains? Will there be BTC and/or ETH miners in the v1 test pool?
- Yes, the V1 testing will happen with a predefined group of miners. If you’d like to join, please send me an email ([[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])) and I’ll follow up.
Will bloXroute produce better results (TPS) for PoW or for PoS consensus protocols?
- It will be with multiple blockchains and yes, we connect with both BTC and ETH (and BCH) miners in V1.
Are there any difficulties you faced trying to convince major blockchains like btc, eth etc to increase block size?
- We are currently working with PoW and we are seeing some great results (still can’t share publicly). We should definitely see a comparable performance with PoS, but we currently have no empirical data.
Which pipelines of blockchains likely to come on board 1st on bloXroute in 2019?
- We view ourselves as providers of networking that removes the scalability bottleneck. It is up to each community to take advantage of that efficiency how they see fit. That said, we already know some communities want scale. For example BCH has 32 MB blocks because after 32MB the thing breaks (i.e. they hit the scalability bottleneck). With bloXroute, I’d expect them to increase their blocksize.
If 10% of the blockchain miners/pool have 10% of the hash power (which results in approximately a 10% probability of mining a block) and they start using bloxroute while the other 90% of miners/hash power do not use bloxroute yet (gradual deployment), how does the usage of bloxroute benefit the 10% of miners vs. the other 90%?
- In V1 we will provide support for BTC, ETH, and BCH. We are talking to many other blockchain communities, and will provide an open API allowing any blockchain to use bloXroute.
Does the TPS order of improvement through bloxroute depend on the network size and distribution of nodes (decentralization level) of particular blockchain?
- Good question. The benefits for early-adopting miners start to kick in immediately. In your example, the probability of the 10% of miners that use bloXroute increases above 10% the probability to win a mining round. This is because they “waste” (much) less time on mining blocks that will not eventually get “on chain”.
Are you partnering already with some wallets? If yes, with which ones? If not, is it too early to disclose?
- It necessarily does. The larger and more decentralized a network is, the TPS rate decreases. The big difference is that without bloXroute, the TPS decreases exponentially, i.e., very quickly. With bloXroute, we are seeing sublinear, i.e., marginal, degradation in TPS as the network size increases.
Do you foresee users migrating to wallets that partner with bloXroute from the ones that don’t?
- Our first goal is to gain adoption. Once we have adoption, we plan on working with wallets to add in an option to streamline the process of including a bloXroute fee. We expect wallets to include such a fee to have an advantage because it offers their users lower overall fees compared to competitors. It would be up to the wallet to decide to show an “bloXroute transaction” feature or simply show lower fees. That said, we are very well connected to some of the most successful wallets in the crypto ecosystem, and have already discussed the matter with some of them.
Will it be easy for a wallet to integrate bloXroute or it will require deeper dive?
- Users do not have to use wallets that partner with bloXroute to take advantage of the fee reduction service, but it’ll certainly be the most streamlined method. Any user that knows bloXroute’s public address can include in their transaction an additional output that pays bloXroute’s public address to reduce her overall fee. Our first goal is to gain adoption. Once we have adoption, we plan on working with wallets to add in an option to streamline the process of including a bloXroute fee. We expect wallets to include such a fee to have an advantage because it offers their users lower overall fees compared to competitors. It would be up to the wallet to decide to show an “bloXroute transaction” feature or simply show lower fees.
Are you on track with your roadmap?
- Integration with wallets should be equally straightforward, from the technical point of view. We plan to actively work with open-sourced wallets to help them implement the change. The change includes a UI update to prompt the user and ask if they want to use bloXroute or not, and if they do, update the transaction to commit a tiny fee to a publicly-known bloXroute address.
Did crypto winter changed your roadmap in certain aspects?
- We are only a few weeks behind on our roadmap (we wanted to do our miner test for end of Feb and now it is early march) but I think for the tech world that’s still pretty good!
When will the Proof of Concept be released?
- The crypto winter I think actually helped us. We are a free service to make miners more money. That has to be appealing in this environment.
What is the biggest challenge you’ve encountered after starting the company? What has helped you overcome challenges and stick to your goals?
- The PoC should come at a similar time like V1, maybe a couple of weeks later, we’ll see.
The white paper doesn’t give a full description of bloXroute’s tech, instead it gives a very simple explanation. Do you have concrete plans on how your project will be applied?
- Biggest challenge we have faced is finding talented individuals who understand this technology. The area is brand new, and it’s difficult to find qualified engineers, builders, and business folks. What makes me really motivated every morning is looking at the world and noticing just how antiquated our current systems are, how much they operate based on trust, and how much better they would be if they were open to all and auditable by anyone.
- Our technology has been in operation for 2.5 years. Writing a whitepaper is a difficult task, trying to make a complex technology accessible to the masses. That said, I am pretty sure that we covered the core of our plans, and we have more papers in the pipeline describing the operation of the system for an academic audience. [Check out our resources page for detailed explanations about our technology]
Blockchain Ecosystem People are talking a lot about Layer-2 scaling solutions in recent years. Compared with layer-0, will layer-2 be a better scaling choice? Or does it depend on different scenarios?
You said currently there’s no crypto that can be truly decentralized. You also believe PoS is better than PoW. Does that mean that you think bitcoin is not decentralized? What’s the problem with bitcoin’s PoW mechanism?
- When it comes to scaling, there is no “one good layer to scale.” To reach really large numbers of transactions per second, one needs to tackle the bottlenecks at all levels. And Layer-2 cannot actually be made secure unless Layer-1 has enough space to on-board new users, as well as settle the transactions from existing channels. This all cannot be done at 3 tps. To support 1,000,000 tps and above, the underlying chain has to offer high throughput. So it’s absolutely essential to examine Layer-0 solutions.
Do you find there is enough awareness about the block propagation as one of the major (if not the major) scalability bottlenecks within the crypto community/blockchains?
- Bitcoin’s blockchain today is created by around 19 mining entities. Some of these are pools, but nevertheless, these are individuals that came together and are operating in unison towards a common aim — they may not have corporate paperwork filed, but they are indistinguishable from any other corporate entity at this point. Just 4 of these command the majority of the hashpower. That’s it, the sum total of Bitcoin’s decentralization. EOS has 21 block producers. Ethereum has 11 miners now, and will reach around 60 with Casper. These are all tiny numbers. The big elephant in the room that no one dares to talk about is precisely how centralized most coins are today.
During the BCH Hash War there was a block propagation bottleneck real case scenario on the mainnet when BSV tried to mine large blocks — something like 40MB and later 64 MB, but at both trials they failed on block propagation as it took too long and forks occurred. The large blocks were orphaned so the experiment clearly failed. As bloXroute’s focus is on this exact scalability bottleneck, block propagation, you came out as a *winner* from the hash war according to Professor Sirer. Have you experienced some benefits of being a winner, such as a larger awareness and interest in your project within the crypto and blockchain community?
- The short answer is no. Many people have heard about scalability being a hot topic in crypto/blockchain, but almost no one knows exactly what or where the bottleneck is. That’s why one of the most important parts of telling our story is educating at the same time. The blockchain community has many different types of people with varying levels of knowledge, so it’s a balance to develop a voice that speaks to everyone. In response to this challenge we have developed an educational Youtube series where we give detailed explanations about topics in crypto and blockchain. We hope it will provide tools to have more technical understanding and meaningful conversations about our product and the ecosystem in general.
What if industrial giants launched their own public chains one after another, what do you think the community should do?
- We are having a lot of communication and open discussion with a lot of blockchain projects out there. We did indeed notice an increased interest after the events that you mention above.
What different scaling challenges are Ethereum and Bitcoin facing now? What do you think of these challenges?
- This is exactly what we are going to see, with Facebook leading the way. I’m not too worried about these corporate approaches. While these companies have immense resources, they are starting quite late and do not have the kinds of thought leadership we possess on building peer-to-peer systems. All of these big behemoths are experts at building centralized client-server systems, which are the exact antithesis of what we are building with cryptocurrencies. So I don’t think we should be worried or do much: let them build out, welcome their efforts, and treat them the same way we treat every other altcoin. They will play a big role in onboarding new users into crypto, and they will help make the space more healthy and exciting for all of us.
Ethereum researchers claim that their sidechain snark handles 17,000 TPS, do you think we can achieve higher capacity while the network is absolutely safe?
- The scaling problems faced by these two systems are slightly different. Bitcoin is a payments system. As such, it is concerned primarily with point-to-point value transfers. And it is facing a basic capacity problem: if everyone in Venezuela were to switch to Bitcoin today, every adult would get to transact only once per month! That’s clearly nowhere near the dream that has been sold to the masses. And it’s not clear what Layer-2 can achieve, because its capacity depends on the emergent network. At the moment, most attempts to send $1000 over LN fail. The challenge in Bitcoin and similar systems is to retain the security of the underlying protocol, avoid forks, and at the same time, increase the number of transactions per second. Naive attempts to do this, for instance, by arbitrarily increasing the block size to really large numbers, are not a good idea. We have seen that BSV is going down this route, and it is leading to excess centralization. bloXroute can help avoid centralization, and help drive protocol scales up by orders of magnitude. The challenges faced by Ethereum are slightly different. The interactions with smart-contracts tend to be multi-point to multi-point, that is, they involve multiple parties. So we see a different, more difficult problem emerge. And Ethereum is driving its network to its limits at the moment. The Ethereum mining network is beginning to show signs of centralization. ETH’s current set of block size and block frequency parameters are a little bit aggressive, and we are seeing signs that would indicate an advantage for mining centralization. bloXroute can help reverse this process and enable the protocol to be driven even more aggressively.
- We can, and need to, achieve far higher numbers if the blockchain revolution is going to be anywhere near as big as it can be. If IoT devices go online, we will need 1M tps. On the other hand, I’m highly skeptical of all performance claims. BTC achieves around 4tps today, while ETH achieves 15 on a good day. Achieving 100–500, sustained in the real world, is actually very difficult. Any time I hear a number in excess of 10,000 tps, and the technology involved still uses LevelDB, I know that the numbers are obtained in laboratory conditions. That said, I believe this announcement was referring to a sidechain with a small number of trusted peers. In such a setting, sure, one can do anything because the trustlessness is not an issue. I’m concerned about public blockchains, where the nodes do not and cannot trust each other. We can only get to 10,000tps and above by re-thinking Layer-1, as we are doing with Avalanche, and re-doing Layer-0, as we are doing with bloXroute.
Thank you again to everyone who participated ! If you have more questions for our team, feel free to ask us on the bloXroute Telegram
channel or ourReddit
— — —
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The Very First AMA of PopulStay Telegram Community Was Held Successfully on Nov. 30, 2018 submitted by
We are very pleased to have PopulStay’s Founder & CEO Dr. Walter here to give the community an AMA(ask me anything). After the warming up- I say “Popul” you say “Stay”, the AMA begins. The host of this AMA is Hugo Mayer. Here are the questions and answers in the AMA:
The part of Dr. Walter and Hugo’s Q&A:
Q1:What kind of block chain platform is PopulStay, Dr. Walter? Asked by Hugo
A1:Hello we start with Ethereum, because it is so far most mature and decentralised blockchain platform. Answered by Dr. Walter.
Hugo: Yes, Dr. Walter, just like many other startups.
Q2: Can you introduce the founder team? What was the original purpose of creating this project?
A2: I am serial entreprenuer with extensive experience in home sharing business, our partners all have passion in renovating the existing platform. As for the original purpose of creating this project, I have hosting experience and I believe in a peer to peer home sharing world.
Hugo: Yes, I know you are the host in Airbnb for 5 years. So experienced and professional in this area.
Q3: What are the advantages of PopulStay compared with centralized platform?
A3: The benefit is saving the booking fee, and get the digital shares of the platform if people hold token.
Hugo: That sounds very good! People hate fee.😜
Senthil: Thats great, has a chance to get digital shares of the platform.
Akotovin: Pay lesser.. how about transaction? how fast is it?
Q4: Then as a tourist, what different experience will PopulStay bring us? 😁Eager to know this. I am to get my luggage packed.
A4: Imagine you can have a video call with your future host.
Hugo(sings): Hello hello baby you call I can’t hear a thing.
Q5: As a “landlord”, apart from getting more profits, what services can PopulStay bring to them?
Ák: Greatest question sir, hopefully some lease plans? 🤑😂
Akotovin: Yeah..nice Hugo ask that thing.
A5: Good questions, you can make friends with cryto believers and you can make video call with them before you meet them. You may like him/her or dislike him/her before you allow him/her to stay at your house. We allow peer to peer communication/verification before make a booking. Airbnb and all other booking platform never allow you.
Hugo: We can make friends all over the world! An innovation! Nice idea!
Q6: Members of the community would like to know about the incubation of PopulStay by block chain accelerator in Tokyo. Could you tell us more about it?
A6: Good, they help us connect the potential real estate partners, investors like Sony, Softbanks and so on. Provide us market access in japan.
Q7: And who are the partners of the project?
A7: We have blockchain partners and business partners. Blockchain parterners are those promising public chain like Jura Networks, Matrix Network and etc. Business parterners are those who can provide properties and believe in our vision
Q8: We were told that PopulStay received investment from many institutions at the end of June this year. Could you tell us something about it?
A8: We got seed round investment from Bitmain, Qtum, crypto capital, Jove capital, Handsom capital and insight capital, enough for the next 1–2 years expense.
Q9: Thanks a lot, Dr. Walter. And the last two question: What is the planning schedule of the PopulStay project?
A9: We will recuit our genesis populstay host and guest from next month onwards, and we will open to the community to use our platform from December, from 2019 onwards, we will focus more on two sides: business development and user experience of the product.
Hugo: That sounds perfect.
Q10: And the last question: How is the progress of the project?
A10: This year is super busy, we achive a lot, from the idea to the team of 25 people, all in one heart to deliver the next home sharing platform. We are proud of what we achived.
Hugo: So promising, i am excited to hear this.
Katakuri: I want to know your personal history, such as age, education history, experience. 😱
Dr. Walter: You can check my linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/cytoyue/ The part of Free Questions: Asked by Akotovin:
Q1: How different PopulStay to other ICO?
Answered by Dr. Walter: A great and real team behind, dedicated to deliver product no matter market price. Token not listed yet.
Added by Senthil: Thats true, project is driven by team not price.
Q2: What security features PopulStay has?
Q3: Is there any Countries excluded in KYC?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Yes, Asian like China, Singapore, Korea, Japan are excluded, there are a list.
Q4: Is there different type of cards will be given to all holders..?or same? Asked by TT s:
What’s the advantage of your team? Asked by Kerryglobal123:
What is advantages of IEO? Why not Ico?
Answered by Dr. Walter: We are in talk with a few top 20 exchagns in the world Asked by Reginald Darwin:
What is the price of pps? Asked by color Bright:
Q1: Still recruiting?
Q2: Can Indians Play?
Q3: Can private equity funds be returned?
Q4: Is there a membership mechanism?
Q5: Are all currencies the same?
Q6: Will there be any harm? Like eating wind?
Q7: Warmly speaking, is currency worth fun? Futures itself is a life-threatening thing with great uncertainty.
Q8: Is a small amount of investment OK?
Q9: Is the value of Chinese currency the same as that of foreign countries? Asked by TT s:
Q1: Is high profit as hosting?
Q2: Can Malysia stay?
Q3: When will populstay Dapp be launched？
Answered by Dr. Walter: End of 2019.
TT s: What DAPP will be? contains all traval information? or just house info? Asked by INNOCENT:
Hi, sir. please do you have any plans for smart locks in the automobile industry? Asked by 夜柳：
Q1: Have you been doing anything lately？
Q2: What Do you Think of the currently bear market? Does bear market affect Populstay’s progress?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Bear market affect the whole industry I think, if the ETH drop to 0 or Bitcoin drop to 0, the blockchain industry is gone. This will never happen. In the past 9 years, the media reported 167 times of dead bitcoin, but it become stronger and stronger.
Hugo: Good project is always to win the game.
Dr. Walter: This is the same with Ehtereum, a lot people say it will goes to ZERO, but I do not think so. ETH is improving and evolving itself also. Look at the devcon conference every year.
Akotovin: Will recover the soonest.
Ák: That’s very true sir, we believe the same.
Senthil: Thats perfect answer. Whenever it goes down, it will come back much stronger✌️🏻
夜柳：I wonder what can I do here.
Dr. Walter: Let’s hug.
Q3: Are there any private or public offerings?
Q4: Is there any nationality requirement for this project?
Q5: Do you see the potential of the tourism industry？
Q6: Changes in business and technology always move forward in controversy. Will PopulStay be better than the current platform?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Good question. We are improving on below points:
- better booking experience
- more social network function
- lower booking fee
- be part of project by holding our token (aka digital shares)
Q7: Whats the reason you launched Populstay?
Answered by Dr. Walter: I believe in that when the trust issues is solved by blockchain technology, the peer to peer home sharing is coming.
Q8: Do you see the potential of the tourism industry？
Q9: You type so fast.
Answered by Dr. Walter: I was a programmer.
Q10: When will Populstay be listed on exchange?
Answered by Dr. Walter: 2019
Maggie Mei: which exchange?
Dr. Walter: Top 20.
Toxic灬Mo: Which exchange is confirmed?
Dr. Walter: still confidential. For your information, I am part of Huobi ecosystem btw. Asked by Kartukuri:
Q1: Why do you use the platform from ethereum. while there are many platform examples of stellar etc.
Answered by Dr. Walter: It is so far proven the most secure platform.
Katakuri: Yes recently I heard there is a bug in ethereum. Which can drain tokens?
Q2: Hi, Are there future plans to make the platform itself like Tron? Asked by Ák:
Q1: Are you’ll going to implement your own blockchain very soon?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Not at the moment, we are discussing with Tron and EOS ecosystem, no need to reinvent the wheel.
Ák: Ok, thank you sir, good luck.
Akotovin: Wow.. so transparent.. i like it..
Q2: Will this blockchain have any ukulele chord and notes based calculations or computations? Asked by Louis:
Whats the reason you launched Populstay? Asked by Walkingalonedad:
What is the meaning of “ populstay” and logo? Asked by David Sun:
Q1: What do you think of this bad market?
Q2: What’s populstay purpose?
Q3: What pain points do you want to solve?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Poor booking experience, high booking fee, bad checkin experience and can not share the growth of the platform.
TT s: Why it will be cheaper? by using Blockchain technology?
Dr. Walter: By our business model design, we charge 1.5% fees, and share 1.5% fee of each booking to the community.
Q4: How are you going to allocate it?
Q5: What is the proportion of the project team? Asked by Senthil:
Q1: I love the Logo of Populstay, looks similar to Snails. Its really represent this projects vision — A snail’s shell is like a home it carries around on its back.
Who is the man behind this idea and logo design?
Katakuri: Yes, snails run very slowly, what about the project. What about the horse logo? 😂
Hugo: Tiny but promising!
Senthil: Slow and win the race😜
Katakuri: Yeah like a fairy tale about snails and monkeys.
Ák: Someday snails will evolve into beautiful turtles…
Answered by Dr. Walter: Snail carries a home on mobile, this is how the travellers looks like, we are tiny beings, and we love to explore, and we will grow while we travel. Thanks for your comments.
Senthil: First congratz for inventing smart-locks and won several awards. I heard the product Smart-lock will be safety for Guests, where they can purchase it? Is it available with hosts?
Dr. Walter: Yes.
Senthil: So, we can expect listing in Huobi after token sale🚀🚀🚀😍😍😍
Dr. Walter: We need many people like you to contribute to our project.
Toxic灬Mo: I think I’ll keep my eye on it.
Walkingalonedad: What is the price of smart lock?
Dr. Walter: 99 USD excluding shipping fee for our telegram users.
Toxic灬Mo: A complete system, the attitude of management team is very important.
Senthil: Smart-Locks looks good and looks like it can be fixed on any kind of doors.
TT s: Can we buy smart lock in the market?
Dr. Walter: Not at the moment, we will release on Amazon on 1st Jan 2019, stay tuned.
夜柳：Looking forward to your project.
Dr. Walter: if you buy then, please inform me and say you are our community users, then we will give you discount.
夜柳：Looking forward to supporting its future projects.
TT s: How much it will be ?
Dr. Walter: 149 USD.
Senthil: Thats really cool. Many more good news coming then. MVP in next month, Smart-lock ready to purchase from Jan. Populstay gonna rock soon🚀🚀 Asked by sun jiahui:
Q1:Do you see the potential of the tourism industry？
Q2: Is there a beta version of the project?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Yes，we plan to release the MVP next month, stay tuned. Meanwhile, we are actively looking for hosts and guest, please do join us.
Raymond Roosevelt: Do you mean December?
Dr. Walter: Yes, we are at the final stage of testing, it is MVP, not perfect, but enough to show the community to collect feeback. Also please bear in mind that Airbnb has 100 engineers to develop their project, but we only have 7.
Q2: How do you see the current bear market?
Q3: Where is the project now?
Answered by Dr. Walter: We are deliver MVP next month. Asked by Dongtamduytan:
Q1: Blockchain is immutable, how do you resolve with people give bad rating to decrease rebutation of host?
Q2: China is the biggest market for any project, do you have plan to enter this market in future?
Q3: Do you think you can beat Airnbnb? Why Airbnb can enter China, and you can’t?
Answered by Dr. Walter: In 10 years yes. Asked by Raymond Roosevelt:
When will Populstay be listed on exchange?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Once there are 10,000 active memebers who Join our platform, so I expect in the next 3 months? Our platform means our product not the telegram group:) Asked by Colbert Milton:
Have you invested in any projects recently?
Answered by Dr. Walter: Not yet. Toxic灬Mo:
Q1: Can I participate in this project?
Dr. Walter: As host, or guest or investor or ambassdor?
Q2: Are there any special requirements or restrictions?
Q3: Such as nationality? How much?
Q4: When is the public offering?
Q5: Are there any rewards for inviting more people?
Dr. Walter: Yes, token incentive
Q6: Is there a private placement?
Q7: Is PPS on the exchange? Asked by Maggie Mei:
It will be cheaper pay by PPS than USD?
Hugo: Thanks a lot our dear CEO. Time is up.
Dr. Walter: Thank you everyone! Have a lovely day!
Thank Dr. Walter to participate in this AMA, good communicating to the community. Let us know more about PopulStay. Wish the project PopulStay success! As Dr. Walter said: In ten years, beat Airbnb! We want to see this happen as a community member! Go! PopulStay!
Davidson, Laura, and Walter E. Block, "Bitcoin, the Regression Theorem, and the Emergence of a New Medium of Exchange," Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 18, no. 3 (Fall 2015): 311–38. View the discussion thread. Bitcoin isn’t as useful anymore as the on-chain fees are too high, therefore, people are looking at alternatives to Bitcoin. Thus, value is flowing out of Bitcoin into other currencies and this ... Bitcoin hat das Potenzial als erstes Asset Kapital aus diesen Entwicklungen zu schlagen. Fidelity vergleicht Krypto-Markt mit Investitionen in Schwellenländer Ende der 1980er. Die Akzeptanz von Bitcion und anderen Kryptowährungen kann mit der Akzeptanz von Aktien aus Schwellenländern in den späten 1980er verglichen werden. Ähnlich wie im Krypto-Space heute gab es auch damals Bedenken ... WalletExplorer.com: smart Bitcoin block explorer Bitcoin block explorer with address grouping and wallet labeling Enter address, txid, firstbits, internal wallet id or service name: Walter Block is the Harold E. Wirth Eminent Scholar Endowed Chair in Economics at Loyola University, senior fellow of the Mises Institute, and regular columnist for LewRockwell.com. Click here to see an extensive online compendium of Dr. Block's publications. Click here for a complete list of Dr. Block's books.
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